The term facial trauma means any injury to the face or upper jaw bone. Facial traumas include injuries to the skin of the head and neck, underlying bone or cartilage, nasal (sinuses), orbital socket, or oral lining. Sometimes these types of injuries are called maxillofacial injury. Facial trauma is often recognized by lacerations (tear-like wound in the skin); bruising around the eyes, movement of the upper jaw when the head is stabilized (which may indicate a fracture in this area); and abnormal sensations on the cheek.
Technology, such as CT scans, has improved physicians ability to evaluate and manage facial trauma. In some cases, immediate surgery is needed to realign fractures so they do not heal incorrectly. Other injuries will have better outcomes if repairs are done after swelling and cuts have improved. A new study has shown that even when injury does not require surgery, it is important to your health and welfare to continue to follow up with a physician.
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